Achieving environmental sustainability is of significant increasing importance to all relevant aviation stakeholders. Whether airport operators, CAAs, ANSPs or airlines: Being compliant with environmental regulations, improving the noise situation around airports, increasing fuel efficiency of flight operations or reducing the carbon footprint of the entire airport system often determines the daily business of our clients dealing with environmental issues.
Within our focus areas Aircraft and Airport Noise, Emissions and Air Quality, and Climate Change we provide our customers with our many years of experience in dealing with legal regulations, international standards, scientific methods and industry best-practices, supported by state-of-the-art software tools and concepts.
A balanced approach to improving environmental protection at and around airports requires the consideration of many interests and sub-areas. In order to achieve maximum acceptance of environmental and sustainable protection measures by all stakeholders involved, airsight works with an interdisciplinary team on tailor-made and site-specific solutions towards environmental sustainability in aviation.
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Aircraft and Airport Noise
We assist our customers in analysing the current status-quo related to aircraft noise, developing noise mitigation strategies, performing noise modeling and assessments (e.g. with AEDT) and validation tasks based on international/national standards and regulations, scientific methods and industry best practice. Not only for fixed-wing aircraft but also for helicopters and new technologies like eVTOL's or UAS!
Assessment and optimization of flight procedures to meet eco-efficient targets with maximum acceptance for involved stakeholders
airsight offers the evaluation and environmental assessment of flight procedures (e.g. departures and approaches) with regards to aircraft noise, fuel efficiency and pollutant emission. As increased fuel efficiency goes hand in hand with reduced pollutant emissions, our goal is to find the optimum for eco-efficiency (noise and emissions) of flight procedures, meeting maximum acceptance for all involved stakeholders (airport and aircraft operators, ANSPs, authorities and the local communities).
Stakeholders will benefit from the successful implementation of eco-efficient flight procedures, by less noise complaints from communities, lower fuel costs and increased efficiency. The close cooperation with airsights Flight Procedure Design experts guarantees the consideration of state-of-the art flight procedures and technologies.
Our services along the environmental assessment include
- Design and optimization of noise abatement and fuel-efficient flight procedures according to ICAO PANS-OPS (Doc 8168) with the use of performance-based navigation (PBN), continuous climb and descent operations (CCO/CDO) and noise abatement departure procedures (NADP)
- Consideration of airspace capacity and ATM/ATC capability
- Analysis of flight tracks and vertical profiles (e.g. based on Mode-S/MLAT/ADS-B/radar data) and airport noise measurement data
- Aircraft noise calculation and assessment based on state-of-the art software tools (e.g. AEDT, SoundPlan), approved models (e.g. ECAC Doc 29) and assessment practices
- Calculation of aircraft performance and engine emissions acc. approved methods (e.g. BADA)
- Development of operational concepts and noise-related restrictions
- Validation of flight procedures using certified full flight simulators
- Stakeholder support within the framework of EUROCONTROL Collaborative Environmental Management (CEM)
airsight performs aircraft and helicopter noise calculation, mapping as well as associated tasks (e.g. data aggregation, quality assurance) for a variety of use cases, according to legal requirements by using certified, professionally recognised software tools:
- Modelling and mapping of aircraft and helicopter noise w.r.t. to national/European legislation (e.g. acc. noise directive 2002/49/EC)
- Noise calculation in accordance with ECAC Doc. 29
- Airplane and helicopter noise modeling in the context of environmental impact assessments (case studies)
- Development of noise action plans and airport sustainability plans with regard to aircraft noise
- Assessment of noise impact acc. scientific methods (%A, %HA, %AWR)
- Mapping and data visualization (web-based, interactive)
- Noise calculation tools: Aviation Environmental Design Tool (AEDT), SoundPlan
In view of airsight’s recent consulting activities for Urban Air Mobility (UAM) we perform initial noise evaluation studies of future eVTOL/UAS operation. The noise evaluation will support the decision making process for vertiport planning and flight procedure design. Since this area of noise assessment is subject to constant scientific discovery and innovation, we maintain close relationships with scientifically recognized research institutions. Our services comprise:
- Modelling and mapping of eVTOL/UAS-based noise
- Assessment of noise impact acc. scientific methods (%A, %HA, %AWR)
- Noise mapping
- Data acquisition as input for noise modeling & mapping (e.g. population data, flight plans, flight tracks)
airsight assists airports in the systematic review and analysis of airport noise measurement data, identification of irregularities and root cause analysis:
- Data acquisition, correlation of relevant data, analysis of
- Noise measurement data
- Flight progress data
- (Mode-S/ADS-B/radar data)
- Weather data
- Aircraft movement data (flight plans)
- Preparation of noise measurement data for noise reports (as required by national legislation) and for public relation
- Development of noise management plans based on noise measurement data and aircraft noise modelling
- Data visualizsation (web-based, interactive)
Emissions & Air Quality
airsight uses validated aircraft performance models to calculate fuel consumption and fuel-related emissions (fuel burn, CO2 & non-CO2) of aircrafts during flights in the TMA and while taxiing on the ground. This allows existing inefficiencies to be quickly identified and corrected, reducing fuel consumption, thus reducint the carbon footprint and improving local air quality (LAQ) around the airport. We are also helping airports redesign the environmental charging system to encourage more fuel-efficient and less noisy aircraft types while maintaining cost structures and revenue.
airsight analyzes fuel-based emissions during taxiing and flight operation in the TMA as part of airport emission inventory. We identify possible bottlenecks in the flight procedure system and optimize it w.r.t to fuel efficiency. This will help both airspace users to lower their fuel costs as well as airport operators to improve the local air quality and lower the carbon footprint. In addition, changes in the airport infrastructure and taxiway layout can be assessed rapidly in terms of fuel consumption, thus fostering acceptance by the airlines. The feasibility of operational procedures (e.g. single-engine taxi) also depends on potential fuel savings, which we can also analyze. Among other, our analysis is based on:
- Aviation Environmental Design Tool (AEDT)
- Base of Aircraft Data (BADA) based performance modelling, ICAO Aircraft Engine Emissions Database and methods enabling the calculation of fuel-based emission types (CO2 & Non-CO2)
- Validation of results in certified full flight simulators
We will support airport operators in evaluating and redesigning their current environmental charging system. In doing so, we will identify inequities and system constraints that result in lower fees for noisier and less fuel-efficient aircraft. Then, reclassifying the fee system will encourage quieter and lower-emission aircraft types, reduce community noise complaints, and improve air quality, while maintaining or increasing charges revenues. Our services include:
- Development of an innovative airport charge system which pays account to fuel-efficient and quiet aircraft types
- Simulation of the new charge system based on historic flight track data with the inclusion of aircraft noise and emission modelling
- Noise measurement data analysis
- Fleet and aircraft mix analysis w.r.t. to certification requirements acc. ICAO Annex 16 Vol.1 (Noise) and Vol.2 (Aircraft Engine Emissions)
The climate crisis does not stop at aviation, and so various stakeholders have to deal with the challenges, but also with the potentials of climate change. Whether it’s achieving net-zero carbon emissions before 2050, addressing challenges arising from new aircraft technologies, or improving resilience to the future impacts of climate change on airport operations or infrastructure: airsight provides cutting-edge knowledge and specialized know-how supporting airports to become more sustainable, efficient and competitive in the future.
airsight provides general consultancy services and in-depth guidance for airports seeking to meet the requirements of airport carbon accreditation levels 1-4+. We help airports to develop long-term carbon management strategy for climate neutrality and net carbon zero emissions (level 4/4+) with focus on apron/aircraft related operations and services. Our goal is a long-term partnership along the preparation and application for accreditation, but also the annually and recurrent fulfillment of level requirements. Our services in a nutshell:
- Provision of mapping services (carbon footprint calculation, visualization, reporting) with ACERT
- Identification of reduction potentials (scope 1 & 2)
- Development of operational measures to ensure that an airport’s infrastructure plans reflect and implement the airport’s carbon reduction goals
- Development of incentives and cost structures to encourage good practice and usage of efficient vehicles, aircrafts & procedures (incl. noise and emission related charges)
airsight supports airports, ANSPs or CAAs in the impact and feasibility analysis of emerging technologies on masterplanning & infrastructure, operations and safety with profound experience in airport planning, operations and safety assessments. Our team of aerospace engineers closely follows the latest trends and developments in sustainable solutions for aviation and its effects for airports, such as:
- new engine and aircraft technologies (e.g. hydrogen aircraft, SAF)
- sustainable operational concepts (e.g. TaxiBots, Single Engine Taxi)
- sustainable energy production and associated challenges and potentials for airports (e.g. solar power plant and glare effects)
If you have a project or idea that you would like to discuss with us, please feel free to contact us via our website.
Climate change is accompanied by an increase in extreme (adverse) weather events such as heavy rain, storms, heat waves or desertification. Airports are already experiencing the consequences and intensity of such events through increase in flight delays and cancellation, operation interruptions and damage to key airport infrastructure.
To be prepared for the future, airports must understand the risks and initiate adaptation measures for existing and new infrastructure. Critical operations and key infrastructure must be designed to be as resilient as possible to climate change.
Through its in-depth knowledge in airport planning and design but also through profound knowledge in risk and safety assessment, airsight is offering support for airports seeking to strengthen their resilience against climate change related extreme weather events:
- Impact analysis and identification of climate change related impacts on airport operation, infrastructure and equipment
- Analysis of historical high-fidelity weather data (e.g. NASA GMAO MERRA-2) and future climate forecasts
- Analysis and assessment of the relationship between the probability of severe weather occurrence and the severity of damage to airport elements and processes based on ICAO/EASA standards and regulations
Software Tools and Methods
We use the following software tools (among others) for modeling aircraft noise and emissions, environmental assessment of flight procedures, and inventory of carbon emissions from airports:
- Aviation Environmental Design Tool (compliant with SAE-AIR-1845, ECAC Doc 29 and ICAO Doc 9911)
- SoundPlan (ECAC Doc 29, German AzB/DES, DIN 45984-1)
- EUROCONTROL Base of Aircraft Data (BADA)
- Aircraft Performance and Noise Database (ANP)
- Boeing Fuel Flow Method 2 (BFFM2), First-Order-Approximation (FOA)