Runway, Taxiway, Apron Planning and Design (ICAO Annex 14)

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Jenny Bradley
Jenny BradleyHead of Training
+49 30

NEW: Course integrates Amendments 15 & 16.

The International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) Annex 14 to the 1944 Chicago Convention contains the Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPs) that prescribe the physical and operational characteristics to be provided for at aerodromes.

ICAO Annex 14 is the basis of most national regulations, including CASR Part 139 in Australia, CARs Part IX in the UAE, CAR Part 139 in New Zealand, TP 312 in Canada, Manual of Aerodrome Standards in Singapore, as well as many other implementations (EASA, FAA etc.).

This 4-day course enables the participants to interpret and implement the ICAO Annex 14 specifications – or the national implementation thereof – related to Runways, Taxiways, Aprons and adjacent areas. 

The course content is based on the international ICAO requirements – but is also customised to its audience, location and applicable regulatory framework, notably to highlight the major differences between international regulations and their national implementation.

Based on best practices, the participants will become knowledgeable about the configuration, dimensioning and design of these fundamental infrastructural elements and will learn how to fulfil planning and design requirements. Furthermore, special attention is set on the theoretical and practical background of the above-mentioned regulations, and on the implementation of possible mitigation measures in case of non-compliance with the requirements.

This course targets all staff involved in aerodrome design, operations and compliance. This include airport planners and engineers, aerodrome compliance managers, auditors, accountable managers, military airfields officers, and of course Civil Aviation Authorities and regulatory oversight personnel.

Please note: This course can be booked as an in-house version in German or English - however, the course material is only available in English.

Course Details

Location: In-house
Language: German or English
Date: (on-site or virtual)
Duration: 4 days

Course Content

General Planning Principles and Fundamentals

  • Overview of international (ICAO) and national (based on course location, see list below) regulations for airport planning and design
  • Governing legally binding principles
  • Overview of additional guidance material (e.g. ICAO manuals, IATA/ACI guidance material)
  • Definition of the most critical aircraft
  • Relevant aircraft performance parameters (e.g. speed and weight limitations)

Runway Planning and Design

  • Dimensioning, configuration and design of runways
  • Identification of the objectives and constraints depending on the airport critical aircraft (e.g. for the determination of takeoff- and landing distances)
  • Markings (e.g. centre line, side stripe, touchdown zone)
  • Signs (e.g. information- and mandatory instruction signs)
  • Lights (e.g. centre line lights, approach lighting systems)
  • Runway shoulders and strips
  • Runway holding positions
  • Obstacle limitation requirements
  • Handling of non-compliances (mitigation measures, safety assessments)

Taxiway and Apron Planning and Design

  • Design, dimensioning and configuration of manoeuvring areas and aprons
  • Identification of the objectives and constraints depending on the aircraft and traffic mix
  • Discussion of different manoeuvring area- and apron concepts
  • Calculation of aircraft turning curves (Fillet Design)
  • Taxi guidance components (intermediate holding positions, stop bars and leading on lights)
  • Taxiways, rapid exit taxiways, holding bays and bypasses
  • Aircraft stands, aircraft stand taxi lanes, apron taxiways, aerodrome service roads
  • Taxiway shoulders and strips
  • Markings (e.g. for taxi guidance, holding positions)
  • Signs and markers (e.g. information signs, destination and mandatory instructions signs, taxiway edge markers)
  • Lights (e.g. taxiway lighting)
  • Handling of non-compliances (mitigation measures, safety assessments)
  • Operation and constrains regarding operation of New Larger Aeroplanes (NLA)

Note: Based on the course audience and location, the course content may incorporate elements and differences of the following national regulations:

  • Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore (CAAS): Manual of Aerodrome Standards
  • Australia Civil Aviation Safety Authority (CASA): Civil Aviation Safety Regulations (CASR) Part 139 - Aerodromes
  • Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) of New Zealand: Civil Aviation Rules Part 139 - Aerodromes
  • United Arab Emirates (UAE) General Civil Aviation Authority (GCAA): Civil Aviation Regulations (CARs) Part IX - Aerodrome
  • Transport Canada: Aerodromes Standards and Recommended Practices (TP 312)


Dirk Anders

Dirk is an experienced airport planner, providing on behalf of airsight since more than 10 years his expertise in the field of runway, taxiway and apron planning and design to international clients. He is notably a renowned expert in the field of gate design and aircraft stand layout optimisation and a proficient user of CAD-based applications (AutoCAD / MicroStation / Aviplan).

Dirk is very knowledgeable in the international aerodrome regulations (ICAO/EASA), their national implementation, as well as industry’s best-practices. He gathered extensive experience in more than 100 projects for clients including Dubai, Brussels or Auckland Airports – as well as most airports in Germany.

More recently, he provided his support during several weeks on-site to Hannover Airport to assess the compliance of the airside infrastructure with EASA aerodrome regulations.

Another field of Dirk's expertise is aerodrome safeguarding and the management of obstacles, as well as flight procedure design according to PANS-OPS.

Moritz Kaschel, M.Sc.

Moritz holds a Master of Science in Aeronautical Engineering and further specialised in Aerodrome Planning and Design, as well as Airport Operations. As a member of airsight’s consulting team, these combined competencies enable him to assist Aerodromes within their certification process and related fields (e.g. compliance checks and audits, manuals and procedures, ground handling processes). 

At airsight, he conducted several safety assessments and feasibility studies for clients such as Dublin, Frankfurt-Hahn, or Berlin-Tegel. He also conducted inspections of their airside infrastructure (incl. signs, lights, marking), including notably the assessment of the pavement conditions - using drones (as holding a commercial UAV operator license and radiotelephone operator´s certificate).

More recently, Moritz assisted Luxembourg Airport to obtain a new certificate in accordance to the new EASA requirements – a task of several months requiring a good knowledge of the applicable regulations as well as project management skill.

As a talented airport planner, he is an instructor for the airsight course “Runway, Taxiway, Apron Planning and Design” in accordance to ICAO or EASA.

Niklas Feldhammer, M.Sc.

Niklas holds a Master of Science in Aeronautical Engineering. As a member of airsight’s Aerodrome Certification team he supports aerodrome operators and Civil Aviation Authorities within certification or re-certification projects, considering airports’ infrastructures and operations, as well as with organisational topics.

His key areas of focus include compliance checks and further tasks concentrating on aerodrome certification and related fields. In addition, he is experienced with the compliant design and planning of airside infrastructure, including the use of simulation software – always taking into account the unique client specific needs.

At airsight he benefits from a wide range of project experience for aerodrome operators worldwide. He recently supported several European airports, including Luxembourg and Milan, with their internal audit programs. Additionally, he played a key role in the development of an infrastructural Corrective Action Plan for a major Middle Eastern aerodrome in order to get certified.

Target Group

  • Airport operations managers
  • Airport engineers and planners
  • CAA aerodrome inspectors
  • Aerodrome auditors
  • Architects and civil engineers

Organisational Details

airsight offers this training course on request, worldwide. At the end of the course, all participants will receive an airsight certificate based on EASA training regulations, which is highly recognized throughout the aviation industry.

About airsight Training

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