Airport Capacity Enhancement: from A-CDM to Performance-Based Airport Management (PBAM)

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Jenny Bradley
Jenny BradleyHead of Training
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Airport capacity shortfalls remain high on every aviation corporate agenda worldwide. While capacity related shortcomings in en-route airspace have been mostly eliminated and upcoming new procedures and separation methods will further enhance capacity, airport operators will face severe challenges in the years to come. 

The current unusual circumstances of a global crisis should be used to plan carefully for industry recovery including a paradigm shift to incorporate lessons learned from this period as well as innovative elements. 

This training course is designed to enable participants to review their pre-crisis challenges and consider the best ways to approach recovery, identifying opportunities for emerging with a system better than ever. Stepping out of traditional silos and adopting new, holistic thinking, smart investments in future-proof solutions become possible and capacity enhancement and disruption management as well as recovery potential of existing and new procedures and tools can be fully unlocked in a cost-effective way.

As a result of the changes the COVID-19 crisis forced on the way organizations work and conduct their business, corporate thinking has also changed in many respects, including the role of IT and the adoption of efficiency increasing and disruption management technologies and procedures. Leveraging this new view on the world at large, course participants will explore ways to apply it to their particular segment of aviation.

Participants learn about the newest version of Collaborative Decision Making (CDM), surface traffic management, total airport management (TAM), performance-based management in general and how it can be applied to airports through a streamlined effective AOCC/APOC. Additionally, all these elements will be placed in the context of crisis recovery planning and unlocking opportunities.

The Virtual Classroom duration of this course duration is 3 days, with 6 hours per day as well as some elements of self-study. The training is designed to be highly interactive with the participants expected to play an active role in the running of the course to allow for all individual backgrounds and specific problem solving.

Course Details

Location: In-house
Language: English
Duration: 4 days

Course Content

The course contains presentations on all main topics as well as material for self-study, supported by interactive discussions and examples for participants of develop a deep understanding of all new concepts and how they can be applied to facilitate the crisis recovery process.

Course Targets

Participants will learn specifically:

  • Why crisis recovery planning should be started early
  • Proven capacity benefits of new initiatives & tools and how they fit in the post-crisis scenario
  • Characteristics and advantages of the new EASA regulations
  • How A-CDM2.0 covers the entire airport and what new opportunities there may be to implement is or to upgrade the original A-CDM system
  • Structured methodology when implementing capacity enhancement initiatives & tools in a post-crisis environment
  • Why silo boundaries affect investments 
  • The added value of new a trajectory and process based, service-oriented approach 
  • How to develop a tailor-made, future-proof and technology agnostic CONOPS that takes into account the impact of the COVID-19 crisis
  • Why a structured approach is required when establishing or upgrading AOCC
  • What to consider and how to ensure future-proof technology and infrastructure, taking the requirements of the crisis recovery into account
  • How to apply the knowledge of A-CDM2.0 and CONOPS modules in the AOCC 
  • What does TAM consist of
  • What does PBAM entail
  • How to implement TAM and PBAM in phases to support the crisis recovery


  • Traffic management at airports:  current status, trends and challenges in terms of aircraft and passengers
  • The impact of COVID-19
  • Turning problems into opportunities

Enhancing capacity safely

  • Theory and background  
  • Comparison of the pre- and post-crisis scenario  
  • Key capacity improvement initiatives and tools: ACE, A-SMGCS, SMAN, simulation etc. 
  • Surface traffic management: capacity and safety (focus runway incursion and excursion prevention) 
  • The regulatory environment: new EASA regulations 

A-CDM2.0 – “a new world view” – away with all the silos

  • The evolution of traditional A-CDM to A-CDM2.0: 
    • A new holistic approach of air traffic management
    • Encompassing both airside and landside
  • A process-based approach and service-oriented descriptions: 
    • TBO: Trajectory Based Operations, incl. novel elements such as “the 5th dimension” (economic value) 
    • The concept of “Passenger Trajectories”
  • The need to break down traditional silos in company structures and in operational airport traffic management 
    • Breaking up the airside/landside boundary from the traffic management perspective 
    • Modernizing processes and services: trajectory- and process-based, service-oriented methodologies  
    • Opportunities afforded by the crisis recovery  

The way of developing concepts of operation (CONOPS) 

• Developing modern concepts of operation (CONOPS): taylor-made future-proof, technology agnostic, supports crisis recovery

• Concept development: “3-tier-approach“: data, business logic and interaction

• Mapping and allocating processes and supporting services 

• Methodology for the transfer of concepts to individual locations 

AOCC/APOC (Airport Operations Control Centre)

• Basic principles of AOCCs

• Structured approach of establishing or upgrading AOCCs in a post-crisis environment

• Future-proofing technology and infrastructure elements

• How AOCC facilitates the A-CDM2.0 implementation

TAM & PBAM (Total Airport Management & Performance-Based Airport Management)

• Advanced concepts maximising the use of available airport capacity (i.e. “sweating” the airport assets)

• Basic elements of TAM 

• Introduction to performance-based airport management (PBAM)

• Structured approach and step-by-step roadmap towards TAM and PBAM implementation

Managing change

• Planning the transition to the new concepts and tools in recovery mode

• Best-practice methodologies   




Velissarios Eleftheriou

Velissarios is an A-CDM, AOCC & TAM expert, conference speaker and trainer. He has 25 years of professional experience in air traffic management (ATM) and airport planning and operations, safety regulation, project management and consulting gained in various hub & mega airports, international organisations (i.e. EUROCONTROL, EASA) and major airport construction / expansion projects world-wide. He was a member of the original A-CDM project team at EUROCONTROL (2002-2006) and during 2011-2016 the ATM Strategy & Development Manager and the A-CDM Implementation Manager at Dubai Airports.

Steve Zerkowitz

Steve is an expert consultant on ATM and airport operations. An A-CDM pioneer, Steve’s background is in air traffic control, computer programing and ICAO and IATA as technical officer and assistant director, respectively. Combining deep knowledge of both ATM and airline operations, Steve has built a reputation for supporting airports world-wide with their plans for the implementation of cutting-edge technologies and procedures like Performance Based Navigation (PBN), Collaborative Decision Making (CDM), System Wide Information Management (SWIM) and Performance-Based Airport Management to name just a few. Steve has also been active as an instructor in the above fields for more than two decades. 

Target Group

  • Aerodrome operations operatives and management
  • Aerodrome planning and development staff
  • Airport strategic planners and management
  • ANSP staff, including management
  • Civil Aviation Authority staff

Organisational Details

The course hours are scheduled as follows:

first training day:  10:00 am - 6:00 pm
mid-training days:  9:00 am - 5:00 pm
last training day:    8:00 am - 4:00 pm

At the end of the course, all participants will receive an airsight certificate based on EASA training regulations, which is highly recognized throughout the aviation industry.

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